In 2014, the street price of a standard bag of heroin in Chicago was $10 for 7%–10% purity. Ten years ago, it was $50–$150 for 2%–3% purity. Purer versions allow a user to smoke or snort the drug which, because it’s easier, widens the audience. The more heroin is cut with filler, the more likely it has to be injected directly into the body to achieve a high.
The most significant indicator that someone will use heroin is if someone abused prescription painkillers, such as Vicodin and oxycodone (Oxycontin, etc.).
When Dorothy collapses in the field of poppies in the Wizard of Oz, she has fallen under the influence of an opium. Treatment with a few chemicals can isolate morphine, the active ingredient in opium. Morphine can further be refined into diacetylmorphine, which is commonly known as heroin.
Heroin is also known as “tar,” “train,” “junk,” “smack,” “H,” “boy,” “white horse,” “brown,” “black,” and “chiva,” among others.
Two of the most common long-term effects of heroin addiction are liver failure and heart disease.
According to the Department of Justice, the top destination in the United States for heroin shipments is the Chicago metro area.
A 1998–2008 study found that heroin-related deaths in the Chicago area went up 40% among white women.